Old Testament Quotations in John

The Gospel of John No Comments

     Consider the following basic facts:
     1.  10% of the New Testament consists of Old Testament Quotations.
     2.  A knowledge of the Old Testament is essential to the understanding of the New Testament.
     3.  The Old Testament is inspired of God and used authoritatively by Jesus Christ and the writers of the New Testament.
     4.  The word “Scripture” refers to “that which is written.”  Written language requires words.  The words are the words of God.  The word Scripture is always used of inspired words and never used of secular writings (in the Bible itself).
     5.  Whenever the New Testament writers quote from the Old Testament, sometimes they use the Hebrew Scriptures, sometimes they use the Septuagint (LXX) and sometimes they make their own translation of the text.
     6.  Whenever a New Testament writer quotes from the Old Testament, he himself is under the influence of the Holy Spirit.
     7.  In the Gospel of John, there are fourteen Old Testament passages quoted.  A list of these passages follows:
           a.  1:23       Isa. 40:3 (LXX)
           b.  2:17      Psa. 69:9
           c.  6:31       Psa. 78:24
           d.  6:45       Isa. 54:13
           e.  10:34     Psa. 82:6
           f.  12:13       Psa. 118:25-26
           g.  12:15      Zech. 9:9
           h.  12:38      Isa. 53:1 (LXX)
           i.  12:40       Isa. 6:10 (LXX)
           j.  13:18        Psa. 41:9
           k.  15:25       Psa. 35:19, 69:4
           l.  19:24        Psa. 22:18
          m.  19:36      Ex. 12:46; Num. 9:12
          n.  19:37       Zech. 12:10
     These Old Testament passages are specifically chosen by John to prove his thesis that Jesus is the Christ the Son of the living God.  John 20:31,32.  We must believe that Jesus is the Messiah and that He is the Son of God in order to have eternal life.